The term anal fissure correlates with a linear crack that occurs in the skin around the anus. The cracks/fissures usually form due to bowel disorders like constipation which make the concerned individual exert extra force and pressure on the anus during a bowel movement.
Anal fissures can cause extreme pain and irritation, and can also move down to the muscle fibers in certain cases. The pain is usually experienced more during bowel movements, and is accompanied by blood in certain cases.
Home Remedies For Anal Fissure
Although it is considered wise to get the anal fissure treated by a qualified professional, there are certain home remedies that can offer relief from the painful symptoms of the condition until further medical help is received. Given below are some of the remedies used to treat anal fissures and their symptoms.
Drink Fresh Fruit And Vegetable Juices
The first step in treating an anal fissure would be to treat the underlying problem of constipation in order to prevent the crack from deepening and becoming worse. In order to soften the stools, it is considered necessary to drink plenty of fresh fruit and vegetable juices throughout the day. Accordingly, one can opt to drink a glass of orange, carrot or pineapple juice after every two hours or so.
This can be followed by eating an all fruit diet comprising of fruits like oranges, pineapples, apples, peaches, grapes, papayas and pears etc. once every five hours or so. This would keep the stools soft and prevent constipation, thereby giving ample room for the anal fissures to heal properly.
Drink Plenty Of Water
Drinking plenty of water at regular intervals throughout the day would keep the body hydrated and prevent the stools from hardening, thereby curbing constipation. This would in turn, help the anal fissure heal properly. Excess water in the system can also flush out harmful toxins from the system that could be delaying the healing process.
It is therefore, considered wise to drink at least 8-10 glasses of water every day in order to treat anal fissures and their symptoms effectively. But care must be taken to not drink too much water in between meals as this would dissolve the gastric juices responsible for digestion, leading to improper digestion and constipation which would in turn cause the anal fissures to worsen over time.
Apply Olive Oil
An effective way to reduce the irritation and pain experienced by an anal fissure is to apply some olive oil over the crack at regular intervals throughout the day.
Instilling some of the olive oil into the anus (in the rectum) can also soften hard stools and ease the passage of motion through the rectum, thereby helping the anal fissure heal quickly and properly.
Apply Hot And Cold Compresses
If the fissure becomes dry, it could become deeper and worsen even more with time. Therefore, it is considered wise to place alternating hot and cold compresses on the fissure in order to keep the area moist and hydrated for longer intervals. The procedure is as follows. A hot washcloth would need to be placed on the anal fissure for about 5 minutes. A small gap of 10 seconds later, the hot washcloth needs to be placed on the fissure again for another 5 minutes. The process needs to be repeated at least 4-5 times.
This should then be followed by a cold application wherein a cold washcloth is placed over the anal fissure for about 5 minutes. The procedure needs to be repeated after a gap of about 10 seconds, and the entire cycle needs to be repeated about 4-5 times. Doing so would keep the skin around the fissure hydrated, thereby preventing dryness in the area.
Soak In Warm Water
The pain and irritation caused by anal fissures can be curbed to an extent by soaking the affected area in a warm sitz bath for about 30 minutes. Sitting in the warm water would also relax the muscles lining the internal anal sphincter, thereby quickening the healing process.
Use Baby Wipes
Using baby wipes instead of regular toilet paper to wipe the anus after a bowel movement can be soothing for an anal fissure. A baby wipe would be softer than normal toilet paper, and so would be less irritating when rubbed on the skin surrounding the anus (and the crack). Alternatively, one can also use medicated pads for the same purpose.
Clean With Saline Solution
The anus needs to be kept clean and free of infection in order to promote the quick healing of the anal fissure. Therefore, it is considered wise to clean the affected area with saline solution after every bowel movement. One can use a small wad of cotton for the same purpose.
The cotton needs to be soaked in the saline solution for a few seconds. It is then used to clean the skin surrounding the anus. Doing this would make sure the fissure remains free of infections (the anus and rectum are prone to frequent infections), and heals quickly.