Antifungal drugs are used for treating yeast infections. Over-the-counter products can treat mild to moderate fungal infections. However, severe or recurrent infections respond to prescription drugs. These medications are usually used topically and occasionally orally, especially in case of severe fungal infection.
Medications to Treat Yeast Infections
Clotrimazole is a common antifungal medication for treating all types of topical yeast infections. Available in the form of cream, lotion or solution, it is applied to the infected area. It is usually used one to five times a day, depending upon the severity and area of the infection, for about two to eight weeks or as directed by the physician.
Clotrimazole lozenges that gradually dissolve in the mouth are used for treating oral thrush. Burning, itching, irritation, swelling, redness and fever may occur at the site of the application of the drug. Rarely, vaginal products containing clotrimazole are blamed for triggering secretion of foul-smelling vaginal discharge. The antifungal lozenges may cause stomach pain, stomach upset and vomiting.
Butoconazole is an over-the-counter antifungal cream used for treating vaginal yeast infection. It is usually applied once a day, before bedtime, in the vagina. Burning or irritation in the vagina, foul smelling vaginal discharge, fever and stomach pain may occur following application of butoconazole cream in the vagina.
The antifungal medication miconazole is prescribed for treating fungal infection of the vagina, jock itch and athlete’s foot. It is available in the form of cream, powder, suppositories, lotion, spray powder and spray liquid. It is usually applied once or twice a day to the affected area. Most of the fungal skin infections heal within two weeks after using miconazole.
However, your dermatologist might ask you to use the drug for about a month to heal athlete’s foot. Side effects that might develop following miconazole use include itching, burning or irritation at the site of the infection, fever, abdominal pain or foul smelling vaginal discharge.
Tioconazole is widely prescribed for treating fungal infections of the toenails and fingernails. The thickened and discolored nails heal gradually by regular application of the antifungal solution. In some cases, tioconazole solution causes itching, redness, burning, flaking and dryness of the skin around the nails. Tioconazole is also an effective topical antifungal drug for treated yeast infection of the vagina.
Terconazole is available in the form of cream and suppository for treating vaginal yeast infection. The antifungal drug rapidly heals the fungal infection. It is usually applied daily before going to bed for three to seven days.
Some women miss their menstrual periods during treatment with terconazole. Headache, burning and irritation in the vagina, foul vaginal discharge odor, fever and abdominal pain are some of the side effects of terconazole use.
Allylamine drugs are prescribed for treating ringworm of the skin. This antifungal medication is taken orally or used topically to kill the fungi responsible for the skin infection. Butenafine, terbinafine and naftifine are the generic names of allylamines available in the form of cream or gel. Terbinafine is an allylamine drug that is taken orally for treating severe ringworm. Allylamine pills are linked to side effects such as headaches and stomach upset.