GERD or Gastro esophageal reflux disease is a digestive disorder in which the valve that regulates one way entry of food items into the stomach does not function well. This makes the acid of stomach to seep into the esophagus and causes a lot of discomfort in form of burning in the food tract and above the stomach. This condition is also referred to as acidity in a casual manner. Vomiting, coughing, wheezing, inability to eat, sensation of burning in the food pipe and constant burping.
In this write up we are going to discuss about the various drugs and medication that are available to treat this syndrome. Do note that this column strictly discourages self medication and only aims to educate and make its readers aware.
Drugs And Medications To Treat GERD
It is an antacid and helps in neutralizing the chemistry of stomach bile. This is not a cure but the first step to relieve the symptoms of GERD. Digiene does not heal the inflammation of the food pipe or set the esophageal valve action right. Antacids are mostly instant in their action and provide immediate relief.It is safe for administering on children as well as adults. However, the dosage is key as an excess can lead to diarrhea and constipation. Most of the people buy it over the counter and self administer it, however it is not a safe practice.
As mentioned earlier, GERD can lead to belching, burping and flatulence. This happens because the food disintegrates and dissolves due to acid in the stomach and produces gas. In case of acid reflux, the amount of gas produced is high and it tends to escape as well.Gas X can help in controlling and eliminating this problem. Gas X does not reduce the gas formation but makes it exit the body at a faster rate. It contains simethicone which is an anti-foaming agent. It basically combines small bubbles to form large bubbles that can be eliminated easily.
Zantac is essentially H-2 Receptor blocker. H-2 receptor blocker works by reducing or stopping the production of acid in the stomach. They do not provide instant but long lasting relief. It is available over the counter.The chemical production is at its peak after the meals, therefore, it is best taken at least half an hour before the mealtime. You may experience dizziness, abdominal pain , nausea or headache as a side effect of this medicine.
Nexium also inhibits the production of acid thereby relieving the symptoms of GERD. This medication also helps in repairing the damage and inflammation of the esophageal tissue.This drug also prevents further bouts of GERD and is usually prescribed to the people who have severe and frequent episodes of GERD. Bloating, constipation and nausea are common side effects of Nexium.
Pepcid AC is also a kind of H-2 receptor blocker like Zantac. It is now available over the counter. The dosage depends on the severity of your heartburn problem. Pepcid AC is also used for treating ulcers in stomach and intestines.It reduces the production of acid and relieves from the heartburn. Headache, dizziness and diarrhoea are common symptoms of this medicine. Rashes and itching may also occur as a consequence of an allergic reaction.