Glaucoma is an eye disease in which there is damage to the optic nerves leading to blindness. The optic nerves become damaged due to high eye pressure. Glaucoma causes blindness in advanced stages and most patients do not know that they suffer from glaucoma until blindness occurs. The main medicine for treating glaucoma is medicated eye drops.
Patients must use the eye drops as directed by the doctor. Some common eye drops of glaucoma are prostaglandins, beta-blockers and miotic agents. The doctor can prescribe alpha-adrenergic agonists and carbonic anhydrase inhibitor eye drops. Some oral medicines are also given to treat glaucoma. The best drugs and medications to treat glaucoma are as follows.
Drugs and Medications to Treat Glaucoma
Xalatan Opht is an eye drop prescribed to treat glaucoma. The eye drop decreases the eye pressure, which is the main cause of glaucoma. Wash hands and put the eye drops in the eyes one time every day in the evening. Take care so that the dropper does not touch the eyes. Do not let the eye drop drain from the eyes. Do not blink and rub the eyes. Use the eye drops according to the doctors directions.
People who use contact lens should remove it and then put the eye drop. Do not wear the contact lens for fifteen minutes when you put the eye drop. The eye drop can cause some side effects like blurred vision, itching in the eyes, eyelash and eyelid changes, eye dryness, light sensitivity, flu and muscle pain. Stop using the eye drop only after consulting a doctor.
Methazolamide Oral is an oral medicine used to treat glaucoma. The medicine decreases pressure in the eyes and helps in preventing blindness and nerve damage. Take this medicine through the mouth two to three times every day.
Take the medicine according o the doctor’s directions. If the medicine causes upset stomach, you should take the medicine with food. Drink fluids with the medicine as it helps in preventing side effects like the formation of kidney stones.
Lumigan Opht is an eye drop used to treat glaucoma. Put the eye drop in the eyes one time daily in the evening. Wash hands before putting the eye drops. Remove contact lens before you put the eye drop. Wear the contact lens again only fifteen minutes after you put the eye drop.
Use any other eye medicine five minutes after you put Lumigan Opht. The eye drop can cause some side effects like burning and itching in the eyes. There can be watering of eyes and light sensitivity. Contact a doctor immediately if there are any serious side effects and allergic reaction of the eye drop.
Alphagan P is an eye drop used to treat glaucoma. The generic name of this eye drop is brimonidine ophthalmic. The eye drop helps in decreasing eye pressure or ocular hypertension. The eyedrop should not be used for children who are less than two years of age. Use the eye drop only after consulting a doctor. Tell the doctor about all other diseases that you have.
Pregnant women should use the eye drop only after consulting a doctor. Wash hands and put the eye drop in the eyes. Close the eyes and avoid blinking and squinting of eyes. When you use this eye drop, you should drive carefully as the eye drop can cause impairment of thinking. The eye drop can cause side effects like pain, swelling, redness, watering and discomfort in the eyes.
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