Knee swelling occurs due to fluid accumulation in the area surrounding the knee joint. If you have swollen knee, it can limit your movements and you will have discomfort while walking and moving the leg. The main causes of knee swelling are knee injury, trauma, poor circulation, blood clot, insect bite, gout, bursitis and dehydration.If you have swelling and pain in the knees, you must take help of cane or crutches for walking. It will help in preventing pressure on the injured knee. Do not squat repeatedly as it can increase the swelling. Home remedies can help in solving the problem of swollen knees. The best home remedies for knee swelling are as follows.
Home Remedies For Knee Swelling
Hot And Cold Treatment
Apply ice on the knees. Ice helps in decreasing swelling as well as pain. You can apply ice on the knees for ten to twenty minutes. Apply the ice three times daily. Ice helps in slowing the blood circulation, which helps in decreasing knee swelling.When you have knee injury, avoid hot things for two days like hot showers and packs. Do not take alcohol. After two days, you can apply heat and do exercises. If you apply moist heat on the knees, it will make the knees flexible. You can alternate the cold treatment with heat treatment.
Compression And Elevation
Compress the knee by wrapping it with bandage made of elastic. The bandage should not be very tight as it can increase the swelling. Elevate the knee by putting it on pillows. Do this while sitting.The knee should be elevated so that it is at a higher point than the heart level. Elevating the knee helps in preventing blood from collecting in the knees. It helps in decreasing pain and tenderness.
Exercise And Massage
Exercise can help in reducing knee swelling and pain. Do exercises that make the knee joint muscles strong. You can learn knee exercises from a physical therapist. You can also do yoga and swimming. Exercise will help you in losing weight and decreasing pressure on the knee joint.Do exercises that stretch and tone the knee muscles. You can also do massage as it helps in reducing knee swelling. Massage helps in releasing endorphins, which reduces pain and increases blood circulation. It helps in increasing blood flow in the knee. Avoid massaging the knee if there is pain.
Use Arch Supports
If you have swelling and pain in the knees, you should use arch supports. Arch supports can help in reducing knee swelling. These supports are inserted in the shoes.Use these supports after consulting an orthotic specialist. Arch supports help in preventing pressure on the knees, thus providing relief to patients who have knee problems due to osteoarthritis.
Take Vitamin C
If you have knee swelling, you should increase the intake of Vitamin C. Vitamin C increases collagen production, which helps in preventing damage to the knee joints. It also helps in decreasing joint inflammation.You can get Vitamin C through foods like oranges, guavas, Brussels sprouts, strawberries, raspberries, papaya, broccoli, cauliflower, kiwifruit and bell peppers.
If you have swelling and pain in the knees, you should take rest. It helps in protecting the injured knee. Do less walking and stop all activities that cause swelling and pain. If any activity causes soreness, change the way you do that activity. You can put a small sized pillow below the knee while resting.