Cellulitis, a type of bacterial infection of the skin, is treated with antibiotics. Usually the symptoms of the infection subside with a few days after taking the medication. Nonetheless, you should continue taking the antibiotic as prescribed by your doctor to prevent recurrent cellulitis. Completing the full course of the drug is necessary for preventing the bacteria from becoming resistant to the antibiotic.
Cellulitis that refuses to heal within a few days after taking oral antibiotic is treated with intravenous antibiotic injections. Mild cellulites may be treated with topical antibiotics. Physicians frequently combine two different antibiotics to heal the bacterial infection. Fever and pain that accompany the bacterial infection are treated with mild non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.
Medications to Treat Cellulites
Antibiotics of the penicillin group are usually used for treating cellulites. Flucloxacillin is one of the most popular penicillin-like antibiotics used for treating the bacterial infection of the skin. Your physician may consider combining flucloxacillin with another antibiotic such as ciprofloxacin or doxycycline for aiding speedy recovery and reducing the risk of recurrent infections.Penicillin and penicillin-like drugs may cause stomach upset, diarrhea, fever, liver problem, muscle plain and skin rash. People with a history of penicillin allergy should avoid this drug. People diagnosed with liver and kidney problems should use these drugs with caution.
Doxycycline belongs to a class of antibiotics called tetracycline antibiotic. It is usually taken once or twice daily or as prescribed by the physician for healing cellulites. People prone to gastrointestinal problems following doxycycline intake should take the antibiotic with milk or food. Doxycycline increases the sensitivity of the skin to sunlight.
Cellulitis patients on this drug should take necessary precautions to reduce the risk of sunburn or tanning when exposed to sunlight. Products containing calcium, iron, magnesium and antacids should not be taken with doxycycline. Diarrhea, sore mouth and rectal or vaginal itching are common side effects of doxycycline.
Ciprofloxacin is categorized as a fluoroquinolone antibiotic. Depending on the dose and the severity of the bacterial infection, it can be taken once or twice a day. Ciprofloxacin should not be taken with milk, dairy products and juices fortified with calcium.Cellulitis patients on ciprofloxacin should limit consumption of foods and beverages containing caffeine such as coffee, tea, chocolate, carbonated beverages and energy drinks. Remember to drink sufficient amount of water during the treatment. Stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, increase in urge to urinate and vaginal itching are some of the common side effects of the drug.
Erythromycin is an effective alternative to penicillin. It is widely recommended for healing cellulites in people allergic to penicillin. It can be taken orally three to four times a day without food. Stomach upset, stomach cramps, stomach pain, vomiting, diarrhea and skin rash are common side effects of the drug.
Cephalexin is frequently used for treating bacterial infections of the skin.It is usually taken two to four times a day. Taking cephalexin with food or milk diminishes the risk of stomach upset. Diarrhea, vomiting and skin rash are common side effects of the drug.
Cefaclor belongs to the class of antibiotics known as cephalosporin antibiotics. It is usually taken two to three times a day. Diarrhea is a common side effect of the drug.