Hypertension is the technical term for high blood pressure. Our heart pumps the blood and then relaxes, the maximum pressure of blood on the arteries is exerted at the time of pumping whereas the minimum pressure when heart relaxes. Both these ranges are recorded to check the blood pressure. The acceptable range is from 75 to 120. There are some natural reasons behind high blood pressure during some times of the day.
For Example. after eating and heavy exercise. Common symptoms of this condition are headaches, confusion, vertigo, dizziness and anxiety. If you have a chronic condition then you might have to consume medication as prescribed by the doctor to keep the blood pressure in control.
Common Drugs To Treat Hypertension
Atenolol is a beta blocker and is available under label name of Tenormin. It is an oral medication. There are various dosages available ranging from 25 mg to 100 mg. The excessive dosage or side effects may include swelling, shortness of breath, wheals on skin, nausea or dizziness. Persons who have heart related and respiratory problems should avoid this medicine.This drug calms the heart and therefore can be a little dangerous if you suffer from heart problems.Talk to your doctor about these issues if you have any, so that he can prescribe more suitable drugs.
This drug is a calcium channel blocker. It is widely used in treating hypertension and Angina as well. The common side effects of this drugs are light headedness, swelling and mild headache. It is not a particularly suitable drug for people who suffer from liver dysfunction and women who are pregnant.If you have a heart condition, do let the doctor know, as this drug can interfere with the other drugs that you might be taking. Excessive dosage can bring about heart failure as it slows down the heart considerably.
It comes from the class of drugs called angiotensin and are used for treating hypertension. There are various variants of this medicine viz. Olmesartan, medoxomil, gelome etc. It is available in the doses of 5, 20 and 40 mg. This drug can be administered to children who are above 6 years of age.It is strictly not recommended for pregnant women as it can cause potential harm to the foetus. Common side effects of this medicine is Chest pain, abdominal pain, vertigo and difficulty in breathing.
Lotrel is an effective drug administered in cases of hypertension. It works in two way, firstly it is a calcium channel blocker and secondly it relaxes and widen the arteries to allow an easy flow of blood. Persons who are allergic to Amlodipine and benazepril should steer clear of this medication as both of these are active ingredients in this drug.Similarly pregnant women and breast feeding mothers should avoid it. Common side effects of this drug are chest pains, black outs, nausea, itching, fever, chill and rapid weight gain.
Methyldopa is a preferred drug for controlling hypertension in the pregnant women. It works by widening the arteries and allows a smooth flow of blood. It is a mild medicine and known to be relatively safer for special cases like pregnancy.
In other people it might be given along with some other hypertension inhibitors. If consumed over a longer time, it may lose its efficacy to some extent. General side effects of this drug are nausea, rashes, paleness of skin, uncontrolled muscle movement, weight gain and weakness. All the drugs discussed above are dangerous if taken without doctor’s prescription.They carry the weight of a number of serious side effects which in some cases can be a fatality too. Talk to your doctor in detail about the other medicines or health conditions that you might be suffering with. This will help your doctor in prescribing the right medicine specifically suited to your body.